Terpenes in cannabis are very important as they give aroma, and flavor- and even affect the potency of weed products. Learn more and shop with Illicit Gardens!
You've probably read a lot about the psychoactive and therapeutic effects of cannabis that have changed millions of lives to date. The two primary compounds responsible for that are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), extracted from the plant and used for products. But have you ever wondered where such extract's taste, flavor, and color come from? Since those elements are also crucial to weed consumption, it's equally essential to delve into another substance called terpenes. These chemicals are also present in the cannabis plant and they give flavor to your chosen weed strain.
As you explore different cannabis products in the market, terpenes are another consideration that you should look at. This factor can affect how you experience weed- whether you consume it for medical or recreational purposes. So, yes, you should have a basic knowledge of how these compounds are extracted and mixed into the products with the right proportions. Unless you have a clear understanding of how they work, you may not be able to choose the most accurate weed products for you. This article serves as your guide in all essential facts about cannabis terpenes.
What are Cannabis Terpenes?
They are naturally occurring chemical compounds in cannabis plants that determine the aroma, flavor, and color of the herb extracts. Since the substance is unique for every weed strain and has varying amounts, the smell and taste it produces also differ in each product. If you're seeking a pleasurable experience with cannabis, terpenes should be scrutinized; some producers are transparent about all the ingredients of their cannabis items, giving you the benefit of looking at these essential compounds. Research indicates terpenes are valuable for treating wide-ranging conditions, from anxiety and stress to depression.
Where Do Terpenes Come From?
Terpenes are generally found in the trichomes of female cannabis plants and appear as sticky and translucent glands covering the surface of buds. Some smaller amounts of the compound are also present on leaves and stems. The resin glands in trichomes are primarily responsible for producing terpenoids essential for a weed plant's growth and survival. When extracted, these organic compounds can enrich the color and pigmentation in leaves and buds, thereby contributing to the flavor of cannabis. In other words, these organic compounds enhance the herb's attractiveness to some creatures while deterring other elements that may cause damage to the plant.
Notably, many terpenes are volatile compounds that can be lost during the standard cannabis extraction process. But there are recent developments that have improved this procedure as many people have come to realize the therapeutic value of terpenes. One method is the live resin made from fresh frozen hemp plants and maintains freezing temperatures throughout the chemical extraction process to safeguard terpenes in the plant. As a result, a more aromatically complex and flavorful cannabis experience is produced.
Types of Terpenes and their Effects
More than 400 terpenes are present in cannabis plants, but experts have only linked a few of them to specific effects. If you're exploring weed products, you must check the labels and choose the product with ideal ingredients, including any of the following terpenes:
Limonene- is a common terpene with distinct citrus notes and may offer therapeutic benefits for specific medical conditions, especially cancer and anxiety.
Myrcene- if the cannabis product contains this terpene, you can expect sedating effects and also benefit from its antifungal and antibacterial properties.
Linalool- for individuals battling stress daily, this terpene may prove helpful in alleviating the condition, as experts claim.
Humulene- want to boost your energy? This terpene is known for providing uplifting effects, especially when consumed along with THC.
Beta-pinene- some users are looking for cannabis products containing this terpene, primarily because it helps ease the symptoms of depression and cancer.
Beta-caryophyllene- with this terpene, you can expect some relief from anxiety and depression.
How Important are the Terpenes in Cannabis?
Without terpenes, cannabis strains would have no aroma and flavor. That's how vital this chemical compound is. It also contributes to modulating psychoactive effects, especially those produced by THC. Both terpenes and cannabinoids work in synergy to provide unique outcomes. Nevertheless, research into over 400 terpenes is still in its infancy, so no definitive claims can be made at this time.
However, consider that several other factors determine your experience with any cannabis product. Your physiology, past weed experience, and the environment where you consume the herb can primarily affect how you feel. Terpenes and cannabinoids are just one piece of the whole equation. But they provide a baseline on how to play around with different products and find what works best for your needs. Looking for premium cannabis strains? Try our Illicit Gardens Marijuana Products!
Potential Health Benefits of Terpenes
Terpenes also come with potential health benefits, which is undeniably good news for people looking to maximize the use of CBD and THC. Researchers claim that the substance may reduce general anxiety in individuals with mild to moderate stress. This therapeutic effect can be attributed to the mood-enhancing quality of terpenes which is also common in aromatherapy medicine. If the terpenes and terpenoids have a pleasing aroma, you may experience calming effects. Other terpenes may also come with the following properties:
Antidepressant- terpenes are a significant ingredient in twenty-five percent of antidepressant drugs. Linalool and beta-pinene are typical among various plant extracts used in antidepressant medication.
Antiviral- many researchers believe that various terpenes contain antiviral properties or can help kill viruses. Some of these compounds include beta-pinene, carvone, and camphor.
Antimicrobial- some terpenes are known to act as antimicrobial or have the ability to prevent any harmful microorganism. These compounds include terpinolene, eucalyptol, geraniol, and menthol.
Pain Relief- in a scientific report, terpenes have been found to provide pain-relieving effects. Researchers note that such natural products may include humulene, linalool, and geraniol.
Anticancer/antitumor- recent scientific advancements have focused on the role of terpenes in inhibiting the growth or activity of cancer cells. As discovered, limonene may serve as an anticancer or antitumor agent.
Keep in mind that further research is needed to reach definitive conclusions about each of the terpene properties mentioned above.
How Cannabis Terpenes Affect the Body
Your body goes through several physiological responses when you consume cannabis products. Some reactions you can encounter are feelings of pleasure, while others may induce sleepiness. Interestingly, terpenes have a crucial role in how you feel when you consume weed extracts or strains. These compounds provide aroma and flavor for the best sensory experience as you inhale and taste the herb. But beyond the surface, terpenes provide therapeutic ways to relieve numerous health conditions.
Cannabis terpenes interact with the human body like CBD and THC. Once this substance is consumed, it penetrates the bloodstream and works with different hormones and receptors in the brain, organs, glands, immune cells, and connective tissues. But surprisingly, research also finds that terpenes primarily interact with the serotonin and dopamine systems found in the brain.
As a result, it makes you feel happier, more at ease, and get quality sleep. This interaction can also influence the effects of other cannabinoids, like THC, to produce a different high. In other words, cannabis terpenes contribute to the impact of the weed you consume, like our Illicit Gardens Popcorn. It can make you feel extra energetic and creative or induce you to sleep, depending on the cannabis strain.
Do Terpenes Have Other Effects?
Aside from aroma and flavor, is there anything else that terpenes do? It's still a mystery for many researchers as to what these chemical compounds do in humans. They are widely known as protective elements of cannabis plants, especially against weather and predators. But terpenes also play a crucial role in classifying weed products and their possible effects. There's a popular theory that the terpene profile of a cannabis strain works together with the CBD content of the product. This can explain why two different strains with the same THC level produce completely unique experiences.
Can Terpenes Make You Feel High?
Terpenes aren't yet classified as psychoactive or therapeutic compounds, so it's deemed that they can't produce euphoric effects. But some researchers claim that the substance can affect cognitive functioning as it may impact the effects of THC. Both compounds are present in the cannabis strains, so there's a theory that one substance may alter the impact of another in the process, also called the entourage effect.
Although there's still no substantial evidence about the role of a terpenoid in producing psychoactive effects, it's highly encouraged that they should be well considered when choosing a particular strain. Most cannabis connoisseurs and budtenders would focus on CBD and THC contents, but that's not how it should be. Paying attention to the terpene profiles of the product would enable you to achieve the desired effects. Interestingly, there's preliminary research suggesting that some terpenes carry the potential benefits for certain mental conditions, such as bipolar disorder, anxiety, and depression.
What is the Entourage Effect?
Since terpenes work with other cannabinoids such as CBD and THC when consuming marijuana products, you must understand the so-called entourage effect. As already mentioned, they can amplify the effects of other compounds- whether euphoric or therapeutic. This synergy with other compounds produces a more substantial impact than the latter would achieve on their own.
Certain terpenes intensify the potential effects of other herb compounds by two to four times greater than an isolated product. They can also balance the potential benefits of any weed strain. On their own, though, terpenes are a highly potent aromatic compound. These extracts are usually separated and distilled for use in aromatherapy or essential oils for their scent. But when consumed, it's a different story since the substance works a bit differently and can also be found in other plants like tea leaves and oranges.
Terpenes versus CBD and THC
Over 100 cannabinoids in cannabis plants have been discovered, with CBD and THC being the most abundant and well studied. But the effects of hemp extracts aren't solely dependent upon these two compounds. Terpenes can also give clues about what you can expect from a weed product. Researchers claim that there's an entourage effect when these compounds interact. It pertains to how cannabinoids and terpenes function synergistically to produce the sensations and results of cannabis. In other words, having all three compounds in one product is always preferable if you seek more benefits.
Terpenes and cannabinoids have a complex relationship and are mutually necessary. The former compound can control the amount of THC that crosses the blood-brain barrier when you consume them altogether. As already emphasized, terpenes will provide a clear indication of what a particular cannabis product would feel like. But essentially, the primary difference between the two is that terpenes determine the scent and flavor of cannabis products, while cannabinoids don't.
How to Maximize the Benefits of Terpenes
Hundreds of cannabis products are sold in the market, so how do you choose the best one for you? It would be best to look beyond the CBD and THC contents to have a pleasant experience. Terpenes should be equally considered as they determine the flavor, aroma, and even the potency of weed extracts. Here are a few things to keep in mind as you explore your options out there:
Read the Product Label- terpene profiles and concentrations are usually indicated on the product's packaging. Read through this information and examine all the ingredients closely. But make sure that you look for lab-tested brands to ensure the safety and purity of your supplies.
Check for Freshness- not all brands guarantee quality and safe products, especially since the ingredients, including terpene concentration, can diminish over time. As such, it's essential to check the packaging date as it tells you how long the item would probably last. You can also give it a smell to determine the freshness of a cannabis strain.
Observe Caution with Cannabis Oil- some terpene oil-based vaping products may contain synthetic terpenes, which can cause adverse reactions. These products should be taken with caution as they are used to create solvents and other household chemicals. If you can find products with natural terpenes, that would be more effective than synthetic ones.
Avoid Heating Cannabis Terpenes- if you dab cannabis strains, the high heat could degrade synthetic terpenes, which may result in potentially harmful byproducts. We suggest you stick with vaporizing flowers at a low temperature or consume edibles to avoid destroying the terpenes and producing toxic agents.
Have Your Own Journal- this helps you determine the best terpene profile for the effects you wish to experience. You have to note down the ingestion method and how you feel whenever you consume any cannabis item. If you're looking for premium weed products, try our Illicit Gardens PRE-PACKED EIGHTH!
What's the best cannabis terpene?
It depends on your needs and preferences. As previously discussed, there are hundreds of cannabis terpenes, but only a few are known to have specific effects. It would help if you focused on the desired impact as you chose the best cannabis product for you. If you need more valid references, consider the shared experiences of other users in consumer or product reviews.
How do I check the terpene profile?
Some companies employ third-party laboratory testing for their cannabis products. The results are provided to the customers for transparency purposes. This information can be found on the packaging labels, so check the details to determine the terpene profile of your chosen item. If this is not available, you might consider other brands.
Which cannabis products contain the best terpene?
Each cannabis product contains unique terpene profiles, which means that there's no single item that fits all users. You have to identify which terpene best suits your needs. Once you're sure about that, it would be easier to shop for the weed products as you can check the label for their terpene contents.
How do I select cannabis terpenes for my needs?
Start by familiarizing the available cannabis terpenes. Once you have the facts in mind, you can choose the variety that's most appropriate to your desired experiences. You have to select according to your needs. It's okay to try out multiple terpenes until you determine the best product for you.
Cannabis products have unique terpene profiles, so your knowledge about the latter is a huge advantage in choosing the best variety. But unless you're shopping at the right store, you might find it hard to maximize the value of your purchase. Fortunately, you don't have to look elsewhere as our company, Illicit Gardens, offers premium cannabis extracts and strains.
Our popular selections are perfect for your medical and recreational needs. All you have to do is browse our online shop and place your orders. You can also learn about different weed products in our store or shop with our retailers. Grab some fantastic offers on our site!